The unique characteristic of the SPGV process is that it can handle a wide variety of feedstock and thus is completely "fuel flexible". Unlike standard gasification technology, the SPGV process utilizes a powerful and independent heat source (plasma torches) and can thus accommodate and adapt to the varying feedstock. Operating at atmospheric pressure the SPGV system can achieve a 91% availability and up to 90% cold gas efficiency, allowing it to function on a "base-load" mode for both renewable power and biofuels production.
The SPGV reactor operates at a temperature around 5000° C and can effectively cause the complete disassociation of all hydrocarbon and organic materials into its elemental compounds, which in turn is converted via the patented SPGV process into a valuable fuel mainly comprised of H2 and CO, commonly referred to as "BioSynGas". Inorganic components of the feedstock are melted and vitrified under plasma temperature into an inert non-leachable "slag" for re-use as construction materials.
At high plasma temperature, the SPGV reactor does not produce any air pollutants such as SVOCs (dioxins/furans) or NOx, tar, fly ash or flue gas as do incinerators or boilers. There is no ash production as all fixed carbon bonds are also depolymerized due to high temperature provided by plasma torches. Solena Plasma Gasification plants are therefore environmentally safe and meet the strictest emissions standards and can be sited in areas where incinerators and combustion technology are prohibited.